A cataract is a vision-impairing condition that affects the lens of the eye. In a healthy eye, the lens helps bend light rays to help us see. Over time, the lens may slowly expand, leading to blurry and cloudy vision. Aging is one of the most common causes of cataracts. Other causes may include exposure to steroids, genetics, diabetes, hypertension, eye injuries or inflammations, obesity, and smoking. Some common symptoms include seeing double, difficulty seeing at night, blurry vision and sensitivity to light. If you or anyone close suffers from cataracts, the only current definitive treatment is surgery. Here are some things you should know about cataract surgery.
Things You Should Know About Cataract Surgery #1: The Procedure
For starters, the procedure is not an in-patient one. This means you don’t stay in the hospital but can have it done at an outpatient surgery center. A local anesthetic is administered via eye drops to ensure the patient feels as little as possible. Some patients do prefer to put under but most opt to be awake. There can be mild pain coupled with a feeling of pressure.
The procedure involves the use of ultrasound to break up the lens. It is then removed by suction right before inserting a new lens. Technological advancements have brought about greater safety and precision in this procedure. Top eye hospitals use advancements daily to ensure quality. Patients can expect bladeless, robotic cataract surgery in delhi, for example. The procedure lasts for approximately 15 minutes, and the incision is about one-fifth of a centimeter. There are no sutures needed either.
Things You Should Know About Cataract Surgery #2: Risks and Complications
The use of laser-assisted cataract removal makes this procedure safer than it was years back. This is due to advancements in equipment and knowledge. The use of such technology ensures enhanced precision and a predictable outcome. Technology has also helped in the selection of more appropriate intraocular lenses after the surgery.
Overall, it is not likely to have complications after the surgery. However, it is recommended to contact your doctor right away if increased pain, redness, decreased vision, or discomfort happens. The most common complication is macular edema, also known as eye swelling, which develops in only one percent of cataract surgeries. This is treated by administering corticosteroid eye drops to bring down the swelling and antibiotics to help with the infection.
Things You Should Know About Cataract Surgery #3: The Healing Process
Cataract surgery recovery normally only takes about 48 hours. This time allows patients to resume normal activities and little downtime. Nevertheless, most doctors recommend that patients listen to their bodies and only do what feels comfortable. Patients also may need to wear sunglasses to avoid and minimize the effect of direct sunlight. After the surgery, avoid heavy lifting and driving for very long distances, at least in the first week.
**** This post is strictly informational and is not meant to replace the advice of your healthcare provider. Women’s lifelink, it’s owners, administrators, contributors, affiliates, vendors, authors and editors do not claim that this information will diagnose, treat, or improve any condition or disease.